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Natural Hazards

This section examines national natural hazard legislation. Please click on the links below or scroll down the page for more information.

Table of Contents
Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (PL 106-390)
Major Federal Legislation Defining Disaster Policy
Flood Insurance Laws and Regulations
History of Federal Disaster Relief


Disaster Management Act of 2000 (DMA, Public Law 106-390)
The DMA of 2000 was approved by Congress and signed into law by President Clinton in October 2000. The purpose of the DMA is to amend the Stafford Act, to establish a national program for pre-disaster mitigation, and to streamline administration of disaster relief. The DMA places an emphasis on strong, integrated state and local hazards mitigation planning (Section 322), provides incentives for planning and program management, and imposes sanctions for failure to meet state and local requirements. FEMA accessed March 2004, updated November 2006.
http://www.fema.gov/plan/mitplanning/DMA.shtm



Major Federal Legislation Defining Disaster Policy
Federal Disaster Relief Act (PL 81-875)
Disaster Relief Act of 1966 (PL 89-769)
National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (PL 90-448)
http://www.fema.gov/pdf/nfip/floodact.pdf
Disaster Relief Act of 1969 (PL 91-79)
Disaster Assistance Act of 1970 (PL 91-606)
Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973 (PL 93-234)
http://www.fema.gov/pdf/nfip/floodact.pdf
Disaster Relief Act of 1974 (PL 93-288)
Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act (PL 95-124)
Creation of Federal Emergency Management Agency in 1978
Robert T. Stafford Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (PL 93-288)
http://www.fema.gov/about/stafact.shtm
National Flood Insurance Reform Act (PL 103-325)
http://www.fema.gov/pdf/nfip/riegle.pdf
Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (PL 106-390)
http://www.fema.gov/plan/mitplanning/DMA.shtm



Flood Insurance Laws and Regulations
National Flood Insurance Program Laws and Regulations
This website provides links to the text of laws and regulations for the National Flood Insurance Program. FEMA accessed April 2004, updated November 2006.
http://www.fema.gov/business/nfip/laws1.shtm



History of Federal Disaster Relief
The history of FEMA. Accessed March 2004, updated November 2006.
http://www.fema.gov/about/history.shtm



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For more information, contact David Hart.